On this planet, each individual produces a considerable amount of digital data that businesses seek to store.
Some analysts predict that we are only at the beginning of an exponential digital production curve and that this production is accelerating.
With the explosion of connected objects, the production of data in the coming years should be multiplied by 50, as evidenced by this study.
New storage systems, such as object storage, will become the solution to manage this data. object storage is one of the new trends. But do you know how it works?
What is Object Storage?
Object Storage (or Object Storage) allows you to manage very large volumes of unstructured data. The system is based on objects and metadata.
Unlike traditional systems, the system is based on objects rather than blocks. In Block mode, the file was divided into several blocks and each block had its own address. In the object model, each file corresponds to an object that is associated with a path (an address) and a unique identifier, and they are stored in a linear address space to make the system scalable and scalable.
An object is composed of:
A unique identifier: This identifier corresponds to the access path of the data. The user, therefore, has a single reference database regardless of where the object is located.
Metadata: This is information related to the context of the object such as the type of data (video, file, etc …), its structure, etc … These metadata make it possible to link several objects that have the same metadata.
What are the advantages of Object Storage?
Cost is one of the first motivations. As the volume of data grows exponentially, companies are storing more and more data. NAS / SAN systems are not always financially suitable for managing very large volumes of data.
With Object Storage, you can create storage spaces that can handle Petabytes from ultra-dense servers at a lower cost. The write, read, and redundancy mechanisms are fully managed by the storage software. In addition, it is possible to mix servers of different brands, which optimizes server purchases according to the market.
Scalability of environments. Storage systems based on object-oriented storage are easily scalable. User side that integrates this storage system, everything is transparent. It communicates with the system through RESTful APIs, like the market standard: S3. Administration side, just manages the evolution, the system storage capacity and add servers as and when needed. These servers are then taken into account automatically without questioning the system.
The ability to interact via APIs. Generally, object-based storage systems have APIs that allow an application developer to easily interact with the system via simple commands (PUT / GET / DELETE). The integration is therefore simple and the developer no longer needs to question the storage architecture. It evolves in a transparent way.
What are the uses adapted to this system?
These systems are ideal for storing so-called unstructured data. This includes data that is rarely changed, as opposed to so-called transactional data that is constantly modified, such as databases. Some examples of unstructured data:
Static data from the web (images, videos, mail, etc …).
With new uses, these data will tend to grow exponentially. Object Storage is not the answer to all storage concerns, but it solves many problems related to increasing the volume of data.